Hypertension (High blood pressure)
This is a medical condition in which the pressure in the blood vessels is elevated. This requires the heart to work harder than normal to circulate blood through the blood vessels. Blood pressure is presented in two measurements, systolic and diastolic.
Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100-139mmHg systolic (top reading) and 60-89mmHg diastolic (bottom reading). High blood pressure is said to be present if it is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg.
It is important to note that blood pressure is not related to age, regardless of if you are 18 or 80 years old, blood pressure should not be above 139/89mmhg.
Hypertension is classified as either primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension. About 90–95% of cases are categorized as “primary hypertension” which means high blood pressure with no obvious underlying medical cause. The remaining 5–10% of cases (secondary hypertension) are caused by other conditions that affect the kidneys, arteries, heart or endocrine system.
Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, heart attacks, heart failure, and is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease.
Even moderate elevation of blood pressure is associated with a shortened life expectancy.
The most dangerous thing about hypertension is that THERE ARE NO SYMPTOMS. Most people discover they are hypertensive on routine blood pressure checks. Unfortunately, some people discover they are hypertensive after a complication has occurred (Stroke, Kidney failure, Heart attack, Heart failure, even Sudden Death).
For now, there is no known permanent cure for hypertension, however, with drug management, and lifestyle changes, blood pressure can be controlled and complications prevented.
When was the last time you checked your blood pressure?